The NSW Civil & Administrative Tribunal’s Appeal Panel today handed down a decision that will significantly affect a number of lot owners and owners corporations. The decision was that of The Owners – Strata Plan No 30521 v Shum [2018] NSWCATAP 15.

In the case below Mr Shum had been successful in obtaining compensation under section 106(5) of the Strata Schemes Management Act 2015 (the “SSMA”) for damage to his lot property and loss of rent when his commercial lot was subject to severe water penetration. Mr Shum also received interest on the amount awarded for his loss of rent. The Owners Corporation appealed the decision challenging both the jurisdiction of the Tribunal to award damages and the decision that s106(5) was retrospective in awarding damages for losses incurred prior to 30 November 2016 (the SSMA’s commencement date).

The Appeal Panel has now set the boundaries for a lot owner’s ability to claim damages under s106(5) of the SSMA. Key points to take away from the decision are:

  • NCAT has jurisdiction to award damages pursuant to section 232 for an owners corporation’s breach of its statutory duty under section 106;
  • NCAT’s jurisdiction to award damages has no monetary limit;
  • Section 106 is a continuing obligation on an owners corporation to maintain and keep its common property in a state of good and serviceable repair;
  • A breach of section 106 can be ongoing and can give rise to multiple causes of action;
  • Under s106(5) a lot owner has a right to recover “reasonably foreseeable loss suffered in consequence of each breach”;
  • Section 106 is not retrospective meaning that NCAT has no power to award damages for any loss suffered prior to 30 November 2016.

For the above reasons, Mr Shum was awarded damages however his damages claim was limited to loss incurred on and after 30 November 2016.

If you have suffered loss due to a failure in the common property or, your owners corporation is subject to a claim for loss, you should obtain legal advice specific to your circumstances as while the decision in Shum prevents claims under s106(5) of the SSMA it may be possible to make a claim in nuisance or, in certain circumstances, in negligence.